Rose Cutting Frame


On the complexity scale, they fall into:
1. Eccentric Cutting Frame
2. Elliptical Cutting Frame
3. Rose Cutting Frame
4. Epicycloidal Cutting Frame

Rose Cutting Frames are a really interesting fly cutter where the cutter's holder rides along a rosette for it's movement (whilst also spinning).

They are typically used for adding wonderful designs to the end of an object, especially with guilloché work.

Also, miniature cutting heads can be used in place of the fly cutter to allow for deeper cuts (Fred Armbruster developed one).

John Jacob Holtzapffel came to the idea of making a device which would make designs like a rose engine lathe, but would be usable on a lathe with a fixed headstock (as he recorded in 1884 in Turning and Mechanical Manipulation, vol. 5, pg. 328).

The well known undulating lines of rose engine turning are usually obtained by giving a variously controlled vibratory motion to the revolving mandrel carying the work, while the tool, stationary during every cut, is moved from point to point between them by the travers of the sliderest. It appeared to the author of these pages that if the conditions were reversed, viz., the tool to rotate and vibrate and the work to stand still, that a large proportion of surface rose engine turning could be executed in the ordinate lathe; ...

It was noted in Norman Tweddle's book, The Rose Engine Lathe, as one of the nine appliances for rose engine turning other than the rose engine lathe (chapter 2). He noted, "My experience with the Rose Cutting Frame was not a happy one and after many attempts to get results that would pass critical examination, I gave up and sold the instrument."

Additional pictures of this device

Examples of work produced with this device

Examples of this device in use

Usage Notes

How it works

Notes on making one

More Information

Published Articles

Books and Papers

Incidentally, the only reference to a rosette in this book is in relation to the use of them on this cutting frame.

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Disclaimer: eMail comments to me at OTBookOfKnowledge @ The process of woodturning involves the use of tools, machinery and materials which could cause injury or be a health hazard unless proper precautions are taken, including the wearing of appropriate protective equipment.