A reciprocator is used to produce a wave pattern along the object.

Image courtesy Omegatron - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

Typically, this is a sinusoidal pattern along the side of a cylinder or taper (i.e., the Z axis). Such a movement is expected based on the design of the mechanical devices involved.

The MDF rose engine lathe's control system has implemented square, triangle, and sawtooth waveforms (sinusoidal is still in development).

Radial Reciprocation of Square Wave on an Object's End

Additionally, the MDF rose engine lathe's control system has implemented the ability to cut these axially (along the Z axis) and radially (around the perimeter of the cylinder). The radial pattern also opens up a lot of options when applied to the end of an object.

Examples of work produced with this device

These pictures of completed pieces were provided by the Plumier Foundation, and are excellent examples of work by David & Christian Lindow. (Thanks due especially to Becky Lindow for the excellent photography.)

You can click on any of the pictures to a larger version of the picture.

More examples of both work in progress and completed works are at this link.

Examples of this device in use

Holtzapffel No. 2195 Ornamental Turning Lathe with Reciprocator

Video from the Plumier Foundation

Reciprocator Making a Basket Weave Pattern on Holtzapffel No. 2195 Ornamental Turning Lathe

Video from the Plumier Foundation

Holtzapffel Ornamental Turning Lathe with Rear Mounted Reciprocator

Video from the Plumier Foundation

How it works

The headstock is locked in place and does not rock or pump. Instead, the movement consists of these two activities:

  1. the spindle is rotated clockwise and counter-clockwise whilst
  2. the cutter is moved along an axis (i.e., propelled along by a linear slide)

Key note: the movement of the spindle is driven by the rotation of the leadscrew used for linear movement of the cutter. This is the opposite of other activities like threading where the spindle drives the leadscrew.

David Lindow gave a great presentation on how this device works for The Society of Ornamental Turners in February, 2022. The video of that presentation is available at that group's web site. You will probably need to be a member to get access to the video, but joining the SOT is great idea anyway.

More Information

John Edwards compiled a great amount of information about this device in Hotzapffel, Volume VI.

There is a great article, "Basket Weave Pattern on a Reciprocator", written by Frank Dorion and Christian Lindow. This was published in the Ornamental Turners International’s Newsletter - Volume #287, No. 2 (December 2021). It was republished as "Learning Basket Weave Pattern Using the Reciprocator", in the The Society of Ornamental Turners’ Bulletin #147, Autumn 2022.

Also, Tim Krause created one for his Legacy Ornamental Mill, and has documented the results on his web site.

About this site
Disclaimer : eMail comments to me at OTBookOfKnowledge @ The process of woodturning involves the use of tools, machinery and materials which could cause injury or be a health hazard unless proper precautions are taken, including the wearing of appropriate protective equipment.